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高中地理《交通运输布局对区域发展的影响》微课精讲+知识点+教案课件+习题 2021-04-30 01:18:26

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知识点:

视频教学:



练习:


课件:


教案:

一、教学目标

1.分析交通运输布局变化对区域发展的影响。

2.分析交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响。

二、教学重难点

说明交通运输布局及其变化对相关聚落的发展影响深远。

三、教学方法

多媒体教学辅助法讲授法案例教学法

四、教学过程

[新课导入]:

天下三分明月夜,二分无赖是扬州。从唐朝诗人徐凝的这句诗中,可想当时扬州的繁华。此后1 000多年,二分明月的扬州在我国城市中的繁华地位不减,下扬州成为达官显贵、文人墨客以至平民百姓的梦想。然而,至近代,扬州的繁华地位逐渐被上海、苏州等城市所取代。

扬州从未成为国家的行政中心,为何能二分明月1 0000多年?历史进入近代,是什么改变了扬州的发展条件,而使其二分明月的繁华不再?

[新课教学]:

、促进区域经济发展

1、交通运输布局变化对区域经济发展的影响

1)交通运输使区域经济发展所需要的资源、产品、设备、劳动力等要素合理流动,实现空间上的优化配置。交通运输越便利、快捷,经济各要素的流动速度越快、耗时越短、效率越高,实现的产值也就越大。

2便捷的交通运输缩短了不同区域之间的时空距离,使一个区域的经济活动可以辐射其他区域,甚至世界各地,从而加快经济发展速度,提升经济发展水平。例如,改革开放以来,我国沿海地区凭借优越的海运优势,面向国际市场,发展出口加工业、出口创汇农业等,迅速提高经济发展水平;一些偏远的边境聚落,依托国际陆路交通的优势,发展成为重要的边境贸易口岸(图4.11)。

 

思考

1.凭祥成为我国重要陆路口岸的支撑条件是什么?

2.哪些因素促使凭祥成为我国著名的木制家具产地? 

 

3交通运输不只是经济发展的重要因素,其本身也是重要的产业,而且还是经济拉动效应明显的产业。发展交通运输,可以直接拉动原材料、能源、建筑、旅游等行业的发展,增加就业。

我国自20世纪末以来,大力投资建设全国高速公路网、全国高速铁路网,以及西气东输、村村通等重大交通运输工程,不仅促使我国经济长期高速发展,而且有效地带动中西部地区发展和贫困地区脱贫致富。

案例

陕西省武功县发展交通脱贫致富

昔日的陕西省武功县,对外交通不便,农产品运不出去,难以转化为商品。农民收入低,农村面貌落后在国家加快农村公路建设的背景下,武功县抓住了难得的机遇,对通往乡、村的道路进行扩建改造,村里的道路也实现了路面硬化。有了等级较高的乡村公路网,公共交通服务普及到村,就连远离县城的偏远村落也开通了公交车。解决了交通瓶颈问题,武功县的原生态蔬菜就能够在城镇市场上卖出较高价钱(图4.13)。优质农产品还吸引客商开车到田头收购。脱贫的农民积极开发特色食品、纺织品等商品,发展一村一品经济。武功县的优质生态和特色农业吸引众多游客慕名而来,便捷的交通线路也成为客流涌动的乡村旅游线路。武功县城乡社会呈现一派欣欣向荣的景象。

 

 

 2“一带一路”

1)提出时间

2013年,我国提出一带一路(丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路)倡议,得到国际社会的高度关注。

2)目的

共建一带一路致力于沿线各国的互联互通,构建全方位、多层次、复合型的互联互通网络,实现沿线各国多元、自主、平衡、可持续的发展。

3)优先领域

公路、铁路、航空、水路、油气管道,以及电网、通信网络等基础设施的互联互通,是一带一路建设的优先领域。

4)提出的必要性

推进一带一路建设既是中国扩大和深化对外开放的需要,也是加强与沿线各国互利合作的需要。

影响聚落发展

1、聚落的作用

聚落,尤其是城市,是区域发展的中心,也是区域交通运输网络的节点。交通运输布局及其变化对区域发展的影响,突出表现在对聚落发展的影响。

2、交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响

1交通枢纽是旅客和货物集散、周转的地方,服务于客、货集散的餐饮、旅馆、装卸、包装、批发和零售等行业便在交通枢纽集聚。

在客、货吞吐量大的交通枢纽,还会集聚与货物相关的制造业,并促进其他产业的发展,往往会形成规模较大的城市。我国石家庄,株洲就是依托铁路枢纽发展起来的,沿海、沿江的许多城市则是依托港口才得以发展兴旺的。在国际上,新加坡则是依托港口而实现经济、社会发展的典型案例(图4.15)。

 

2重要交通运输线路或运输方式的变化,会引起区域内客、货运输方向和集散地的变化,从而促使商业网点甚至商业中心城市的变化。

古代,我国东部地区南北方向的大宗货物运输,主要依靠京杭运河,于是在京杭运河沿岸形成一批商业繁荣的城市,其中,扬州因位于京杭运河南北段的中间位置,且是长江航运与京杭运河航运的转运点,成为运河城市中最为耀眼的明珠。近代,海运兴起,清末津浦(天津南京浦口)铁路修通,沿海航线和津浦铁路成为连接东部地区南北方的主要交通运输线,京杭运河的交通运输地位不断下降,加之北段逐渐淤塞,运河沿岸商业城市则失去了进一步发展的运河航运条件,运河沿线许多城镇,如扬州,也就逐渐失去了往日的地位。

3、乡村聚落

传统的乡村聚落一般较为分散,有的位置偏远,交通不便。为促进农村的发展,我国正在有计划地对分散的乡村聚落进行合并,建设相对集中的乡村聚落。新建的乡村聚落一股临近区域主要公路(图4.16),而一些交通不便的分散的乡村聚落会逐渐消失。

 

[课堂小结]

本节课我们主要学习了交通运输布局对区域发展的影响一带一路”、交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响和乡村聚落的布局,认识到交通运输布局对区域和聚落的发展是有着很大作用的。

[板书设计]

、促进区域经济发展

1、交通运输布局变化对区域经济发展的影响

2“一带一路”

1)提出时间

2)目的

3)优先领域

4)提出的必要性

影响聚落发展

1、聚落的作用

2、交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响

[课后作业]

交通运输布局及其变化对相关聚落的发展影响 

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30, 170);font-size: 15px;"></span></a><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA4ODM4MDI3MQ==&mid=2650615639&idx=1&sn=ca9b7245d35cde5b2577739782a78f7f&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="text-decoration: underline;" data-linktype="2"><span style="color: rgb(62, 93, 154);"></span></a><a href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA4ODM4MDI3MQ==&mid=2650617974&idx=2&sn=22f8d2a4b3d36b4f3ca6021a0cb27fa2&chksm=88229e76bf5517605125bedca8f612d493e9f679717e6b5f1f2d8a81148c9615177328050349&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="text-decoration: underline;color: rgb(6, 176, 79);" data-linktype="2"><span style="color: rgb(6, 176, 79);">全部课程 ↓</span></a><span style="-webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);cursor: pointer;font-size: 15px;color: rgb(228, 57, 159);"></span><strong style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;"></strong></td></tr></tbody></table></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 24px;"><strong>知识点:</strong></span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-galleryid="" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOhohicPmclQ1ThzHqXMaZFvqyEtbIIeGSNt4tI7bU0eiaUkb7a1Kb96zA/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style=""/></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-galleryid="" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOXY3tCHRNeaw6NW2OzMd4kZA1ciaickDAyUtCPrxPlm98XYqyiab7EKmCw/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style=""/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 24px;"><strong>视频教学:</strong></span></p><p><br/></p><p><iframe class="video_iframe rich_pages" data-vidtype="1" data-cover="http%3A%2F%2Fshp.qpic.cn%2Fqqvideo_ori%2F0%2Ff0933hpwj9b_496_280%2F0" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" data-ratio="1.6008230452674896" data-w="778" data-src="https://v.qq.com/iframe/preview.html?width=500&height=375&auto=0&vid=f0933hpwj9b"></iframe></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 24px;"><strong>练习:</strong></span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-galleryid="" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaObXibE3kia2OBGLSS35bDG3Via80ILmVbzO0wbIdlLiaLJnUzIaYDErKeuA/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style=""/></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-galleryid="" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOvF02hHNdVAFv0jFrXiateng0KZsicfdEaLGuGv4MtY64slP9c8xnNtgA/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style=""/></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-galleryid="" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOcAdEnA9PemxfibRoXib3icQ50lPPgggWPmibshBL7XxOzxBiaKsPoQzQ32w/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style=""/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 24px;"><strong><br/></strong></span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 24px;"><strong>课件:</strong></span><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOFxg2Y59NicOeVCJPIH7ibLjhWUpBrdyZt6DbQicna8MAAOUGdkKB2TdCw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOianEH8IpWppVnV0o2Az9vWwe7VShVF1mcXFOjqaqSuWTLVWbBmvsIMw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOWakHDTYCl8WdSVpDxygFTApLPBtWFzUETp1BLmNcUj9UTPMG8zEPhg/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOJXtKjt0By7lvMDeG5GowtYo9SE1CFqtP62iaYONgoRX7OuWoZDibnZkw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOzF4DE698TUC80vIOPRGmODy87HDDbmQjibicnn6fURWaetSGrhXef9DA/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOh3cVI3pJwrrl1jM1LicXY6PEb0DrZxia60lkb5LE7YDAwn1CpNROamlw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOmSEXxoScWbMZ2VoE05T70N40nSkqDDPOVE9EyDxq0kYwmuZDMsHibJg/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOS9mO9dpslEoDE1x6m3XugWCfJHdzP2uyS43jLKDPMNJuibGTKiasYddA/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOp30iahD8yoEDDRoEwN6neOmiao7jJcubH8e80bNaSuGnAadtgZJ1UrnA/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOBeTqicqaGBv7FPP8x9icjzKeQTXMhbhhtmxn1VqX3NUnkww50M6AYKUA/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOSegMxtft9MLB5IIwqyUoebIMwdT5iczJdskblgrotK2krsqa1IEwBVg/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOa6pr0FRg27lQ2J30ibVRL08ibZYISUjLEPWaegMfRCKflGiajWCbBicRgA/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaORk3oxGkYchiaaiab8ic5h7FmYLIPHqVzyFdAFvWUt2PnQz8ZBicUuPonLg/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOuJgZR7sAWmc2chhLZKW2NfzWpyibBOot5dZW5UdAZURb5vOWK30PkTg/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOd45rZoW2RaoTiahKG9TemCqKyMefcwMN62kOibkB2JeetrrclG4Xicia9g/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOjiatW4JnWsxMNSd4g6UmwOXVbUXbSZ9fGI7YmUBPPicpniahNrFs7Epjw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaOSIneUKY7s0AfuUHKfrjyFeEkMUtTSADf81VfZImjq4TOMpUh4Rr71Q/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/><img class="js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/GM6nfAGfa2LsiafpOcfRvoUTWsQrM9LiaO0KCibqSsmPOQ9xBXWwQgcia0ZQEjLahkI1oGowicuOuXbGPSf2fmCSakw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 24px;"><strong>教案:</strong></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: left;line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一、教学目标</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: left;line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1.分析交通运输布局变化对区域发展的影响。</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: left;line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2.分析交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响。</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二、</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">教学重难点</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: left;line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">说明交通运输布局及其变化对相关聚落的发展影响深远。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">三、教学方法</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">多媒体教学辅助法</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">讲授法</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">案例教学法</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">四、教学过程</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">[新课导入]:</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">“<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">天下三分明月夜,二分无赖是扬州。</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">从唐朝诗人徐凝的这句诗中,可想当时扬州的繁华。此后</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1 000</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">多年,</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">“</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二分明月</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">的扬州在我国城市中的繁华地位不减,</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">“</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">下扬州</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">成为达官显贵、文人墨客以至平民百姓的梦想。然而,至近代,扬州的繁华地位逐渐被上海、苏州等城市所取代。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">扬州从未成为国家的行政中心,为何能</span>“<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二分明月</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">达</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1 0000</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">多年?历史进入近代,是什么改变了扬州的发展条件,而使其</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">“</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二分明月</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">的繁华不再?</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">[新课教学]:</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一</span></span></strong><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、促进区域经济发展</span></span></strong></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1、</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">交通运输布局变化对区域经济发展的影响</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>1)</span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">交通运输使区域经济发展所需要的资源、产品、设备、劳动力等要素合理流动,实现空间上的优化配置。交通运输越便利、快捷,经济各要素的流动速度越快、耗时越短、效率越高,实现的产值也就越大。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>2<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">便捷的交通运输缩短了不同区域之间的时空距离,使一个区域的经济活动可以辐射其他区域,甚至世界各地,从而加快经济发展速度,提升经济发展水平。例如,改革开放以来,我国沿海地区凭借优越的海运优势,面向国际市场,发展出口加工业、出口创汇农业等,迅速提高经济发展水平;一些偏远的边境聚落,依托国际陆路交通的优势,发展成为重要的边境贸易口岸(图</span>4.11<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: Calibri;font-size: 14px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: center;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/ibZbB4JJxGNf7DRhicVZk2WR7HSbQKCEvQzs76Dax4C1jw08cRAuykoLa8yoMiato0Ucp6uOseZ4A0QGbpIeic6nZA/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style="box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;width: 260px !important;visibility: visible !important;"/></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">【</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">思考</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">】</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1.<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">凭祥成为我国重要陆路口岸的支撑条件是什么?</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2.<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">哪些因素促使凭祥成为我国著名的木制家具产地?</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>3<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">交通运输不只是经济发展的重要因素,其本身也是重要的产业,而且还是经济拉动效应明显的产业。发展交通运输,可以直接拉动原材料、能源、建筑、旅游等行业的发展,增加就业。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">我国自</span>20<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">世纪末以来,大力投资建设全国高速公路网、全国高速铁路网,以及西气东输、村村通等重大交通运输工程,不仅促使我国经济长期高速发展,而且有效地带动中西部地区发展和贫困地区脱贫致富。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><mpcpc js_editor_cpcad="" class="js_cpc_area cpc_iframe" src="/cgi-bin/readtemplate?t=tmpl/cpc_tmpl#1619700307947" data-category_id_list="1|11|16|17|22|24|26|27|28|29|3|31|32|35|36|37|39|41|42|45|46|47|48|49|5|50|51|52|53|54|55|6|7|8" data-id="1619700307947"></mpcpc></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: Calibri;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">案例</span></span></strong></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">陕西省武功县发展交通脱贫致富</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">昔日的陕西省武功县,对外交通不便,农产品运不出去,难以转化为商品。农民收入低,农村面貌落后在国家加快农村公路建设的背景下,武功县抓住了难得的机遇,对通往乡、村的道路进行扩建改造,村里的道路也实现了路面硬化。有了等级较高的乡村公路网,公共交通服务普及到村,就连远离县城的偏远村落也开通了公交车。解决了交通瓶颈问题,武功县的原生态蔬菜就能够在城镇市场上卖出较高价钱(图</span>4.13<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)。优质农产品还吸引客商开车到田头收购。脱贫的农民积极开发特色食品、纺织品等商品,发展</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">“</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一村一品</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">经济。武功县的优质生态和特色农业吸引众多游客慕名而来,便捷的交通线路也成为客流涌动的乡村旅游线路。武功县城乡社会呈现一派欣欣向荣的景象。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: center;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/ibZbB4JJxGNf7DRhicVZk2WR7HSbQKCEvQTdNUQ2CzuASySE9XymuFGjxkuKYjKaCb7gLaACDE4eAFeNRQ5G9WaA/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style="box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;width: 184px !important;visibility: visible !important;"/><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;font-size: 16px;text-align: justify;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: Calibri;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> 2</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span>“一带一路”</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>1<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)提出时间</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2013<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">年,我国提出</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">“</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一带一路</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(丝绸之路经济带和</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">21</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">世纪海上丝绸之路)倡议,得到国际社会的高度关注。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>2<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)目的</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">共建</span>“<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一带一路</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">致力于沿线各国的互联互通,构建全方位、多层次、复合型的互联互通网络,实现沿线各国多元、自主、平衡、可持续的发展。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>3<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)优先领域</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">公路、铁路、航空、水路、油气管道,以及电网、通信网络等基础设施的互联互通,是</span>“<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一带一路</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">建设的优先领域。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>4<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)提出的必要性</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">推进</span>“<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一带一路</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: "Times New Roman";box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">建设既是中国扩大和深化对外开放的需要,也是加强与沿线各国互利合作的需要。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二</span></span></strong><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span></span></strong><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">影响聚落发展</span></span></strong></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、聚落的作用</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">聚落,尤其是城市,是区域发展的中心,也是区域交通运输网络的节点。交通运输布局及其变化对区域发展的影响,突出表现在对聚落发展的影响。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2、交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>1<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">交通枢纽是旅客和货物集散、周转的地方,服务于客、货集散的餐饮、旅馆、装卸、包装、批发和零售等行业便在交通枢纽集聚。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">在客、货吞吐量大的交通枢纽,还会集聚与货物相关的制造业,并促进其他产业的发展,往往会形成规模较大的城市。我国石家庄,株洲就是依托铁路枢纽发展起来的,沿海、沿江的许多城市则是依托港口才得以发展兴旺的。在国际上,新加坡则是依托港口而实现经济、社会发展的典型案例(图</span>4.15<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: Calibri;font-size: 14px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: center;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/ibZbB4JJxGNf7DRhicVZk2WR7HSbQKCEvQqD29yiaib0picPRLmkrTIlv1TWwOAmLyBnuWfEBpVuqRrgt8sHXIpslgA/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style="box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;width: 546px !important;visibility: visible !important;"/></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>2<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">重要交通运输线路或运输方式的变化,会引起区域内客、货运输方向和集散地的变化,从而促使商业网点甚至商业中心城市的变化。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">古代,我国东部地区南北方向的大宗货物运输,主要依靠京杭运河,于是在京杭运河沿岸形成一批商业繁荣的城市,其中,扬州因位于京杭运河南北段的中间位置,且是长江航运与京杭运河航运的转运点,成为运河城市中最为耀眼的明珠。近代,海运兴起,清末津浦(天津</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">—</span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">南京浦口)铁路修通,沿海航线和津浦铁路成为连接东部地区南北方的主要交通运输线,京杭运河的交通运输地位不断下降,加之北段逐渐淤塞,运河沿岸商业城市则失去了进一步发展的运河航运条件,运河沿线许多城镇,如扬州,也就逐渐失去了往日的地位。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">3<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、乡村聚落</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">传统的乡村聚落一般较为分散,有的位置偏远,交通不便。为促进农村的发展,我国正在有计划地对分散的乡村聚落进行合并,建设相对集中的乡村聚落。新建的乡村聚落一股临近区域主要公路(图</span>4.16<span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">),而一些交通不便的分散的乡村聚落会逐渐消失。</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);text-align: center;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><img class="rich_pages js_asyningdom" data-ratio="0.66796875" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/ibZbB4JJxGNf7DRhicVZk2WR7HSbQKCEvQ3RaAdKGt65GbaAicLp8y7bfOzTVZNTfRzYLdeQk8jkVibnqsGPzYtlJQ/640?wx_fmt=png" data-type="png" style="background-color: rgb(238, 237, 235);border-width: 1px;border-style: solid;border-color: rgb(238, 237, 235);background-size: 22px;background-position: center center;background-repeat: no-repeat;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;height: 216.031px !important;width: 366px !important;visibility: visible !important;"/></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">[课堂小结]</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">本节课我们主要学习了交通运输布局对区域发展的影响</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span>“</span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一带一路</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">”、交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响和乡村聚落的布局,认识到交通运输布局对区域和聚落的发展是有着很大作用的。</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">[板书设计]</span></strong></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、促进区域经济发展</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1、</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">交通运输布局变化对区域经济发展的影响</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: Calibri;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2</span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span>“一带一路”</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>1<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)提出时间</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>2<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)目的</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>3<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)优先领域</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">(</span>4<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">)提出的必要性</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">影响聚落发展</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1<span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">、聚落的作用</span></span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2、交通运输布局变化对聚落的影响</span></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">[课后作业]</span></strong></p><p style="max-width: 100%;min-height: 1em;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif;letter-spacing: 0.544px;white-space: normal;background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);line-height: 25.5px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="max-width: 100%;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">交通运输布局及其变化对相关聚落的发展影响</span></span><span style="max-width: 100%;font-family: 宋体;line-height: 24px;font-size: 16px;box-sizing: border-box !important;overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"> </span></p><section style="margin-top: 10px;margin-bottom: 10px;max-width: 100%;font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, 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